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Dedicated Home Partitioning
As you discussed during the howto segment, there is a bit flexibility to setting up your partitions. When setting up partitions for Ubuntu, I recommend the following setup.
Choose Try Ubuntu, then run Gparted.
If you have two drives attached, you will have two drives available from the pull down menu. Select the one you wish to use for your / and swap.
Right click select on the unallocated space, choose new.
With the new dialog open, choose the Ext4 file system, Extended partition, and place swap in the label. For the partition size, choose double the amount of your RAM. If you have 2 Gbs of RAM (2048 Mbs), then make the swap 4 Gbs. This will make you suspending your PC much smoother and lessen the likelihood of system crashing on resume. Leave the other options alone, click Add.
Still with the system drive selected, next you’ll right click on the unallocated space and choose new.
For the partition size, choose the remainder of the space available for that drive. This will be the larger unallocated space available, of the two visible. Select Primary partition, and place / in the label. Leave the other options alone, click Add.
Now go back to top right of Gparted and toggle the second drive you’ve decided to use as a /home partition.
For the partition size, choose the remainder of the space available for that drive. This will be the larger unallocated space available, of the two visible. Select extended partition, and place /home in the label. Leave the other options alone, click Add.
With all of this done, click the green check mark at the top of Gparted. This will apply all of your settings changes.
Start the installer. Click on continue until you come to the Erase everything or Something Else options. Choose Something Else.
You will now see different partitions laid out before you. Below the drive designations, you will see actual “free space” areas, broken up into three sections. The smallest, is your swap. The other two will be your / and /home options.
The smallest free space, should be at the top of the list. Click it, then click on Add.
The only option you change here is the pulldown menu to select Swap Area. Then click Ok.
The next free space in the list, should be the one I designated as the system partition. Click it, then click on Change. The only options you change here is the Use As Ext4, toggle format and the pulldown menu to select to / . Click Ok.
The last one in the list, is going to be for /home. Click it, then click on Add. Now select the mount point as /home. Click Ok. NOTE: The home partition should only be selected to format is it’s brand new. For future installs, you will want to click on it in this dialog, make sure format is NOT selected, in the future.
Make sure at the bottom of the dialog box, you’ve chosen to place the bootloader in the system selected hard drive. While we can also rely on the /boot option in partitioning, it’s rarely used for home systems.
Now choose Install Now. You’re all done!